Volvo V60 plugin/hybrid
A pre-production version of the Volvo V60 diesel-electric plug-in hybrid was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2011. The V60 plug-in is the result of close cooperation between Volvo Cars and Swedish energy supplier Vattenfall. The V60 plug-in has a price of around €50,000 (GB£40,000, US$64,600).
The Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid is the world's first diesel plug-in hybrid. It features a six-speed automatic transmission and the front wheels are driven by a five-cylinder 2.4-litre D5 turbo diesel, which produces 215 hp and maximum torque of 440 Nm. The rear axle features ERAD (Electric Rear Axle Drive) in the form of an electric motor producing 70 hp and maximum torque of 200 Nm, powered from a 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Volvo expects to achieve an all-electric range of up to 50 km (31 mi), and a fuel economy of 124 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (1.8 l/100 km), with carbon dioxide emissions averaging 49 g/km. The interaction between diesel and electric power is handled via a control system, and the driver has the option to choose the preferred driving mode via three buttons on the instrument panel: Pure, Hybrid and Power.
In Pure Mode the car runs only on its electric motor as much as possible. The driving range is up to 50 km (31 mi). Battery range varies with terrain, climate and driving style.
Hybrid Mode is the default mode whenever the car is started. The diesel engine and electric motor interact to provide the optimal balance between driving pleasure and low environmental impact. Emissions of CO2 are 49 g/km (EU Combined), corresponding to diesel fuel consumption of 1.8 l/100 km. The car's total range is up to 1,200 kilometres (750 mi).
In Power Mode the technology is optimised to give the car the best possible performance. The electric motor's lightning-quick torque delivery contributes to the car's 0 to 100 kph acceleration time of 6.1 seconds.
By Overlaet (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons